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Prove appears in the following pangram (a sentence using every letter of the alphabet at least once):

  • Jack's eloquence may prove hazardous for the six big shows. (48 letters)
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Prove is sometimes a misspelling of prone or proof.

The word prove is considered to be an easy one, according to the Dale-Chall word list, which includes 3000 words that all fourth-grade American students should know and understand.

Video footage: Self-confident man starts running in marathon to prove strength and endurance
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Definition of the verb prove

What does prove mean as a doing word?

Prove is one of the top 1000 most common verbs. It is used mostly in writing, being one of the top 1000 most common verbs in written English.View more statistics!

verb - inflections:

 simple pastpast participlepresent participlethird-person singular

  1. be shown or be found to be
    • example: She proved to be right
    • lexical domain: Stative - verbs of being, having, spatial relations
    • synonyms of prove: turn out / turn up
    • more generic word: be = have the quality of being
    • more specific words: result / ensue = issue or terminate
  2. establish the validity of something, as by an example, explanation or experiment
    • syntax:
      Syntactic formulaExample for the syntactic formula
      [Cause] [Verb] [Topic, how-extraction]This indicates how she did it
      [Cause] [Verb] [Topic, to be]This indicates him to be the thief
      [Cause] [Verb] [Topic, wh-complement clause]This indicates whether he is the thief
      [Cause] [Verb] [Topic, wh-infinitive clause]This indicates how to do it
      [Cause] [Verb] [Topic, what-extraction]This indicates what he should do
      [Cause] [Verb] [Topic, not sentential clause]This indicates it
      [Cause] [Verb] to [Recipient] [Topic, how-extraction]This indicates to us how it happended
      [Cause] [Verb] to [Recipient] [Topic, that-complement clause, not tensed]This indicates to us that they had stolen money
      [Cause] [Verb] to [Recipient] [Topic, wh-complement clause]This indicates to me whether they did it
      [Cause] [Verb] to [Recipient] [Topic, what-extraction]This indicates to me what he is

      Indicate Verbs (with the same syntax): affirm, confirm, demonstrate, disclose, establish, reaffirm, reveal, show, verify.

    • lexical domain: Cognition - verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting
    • synonyms of prove: demonstrate / establish / shew / show
    • antonym of prove: disprove
    • more generic words: affirm / confirm / corroborate / substantiate / support / sustain = establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts
    • more specific terms:
  3. provide evidence for
    • example: They prove that there was a traffic accident
    • syntax:
      Syntactic formulaExample for the syntactic formula
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Theme] [Adjective]The president declared Smith foolish
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Theme] [Predicate, not sentential clause]The president declared Smith professor
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Theme] as [Adjective]The president declared John as stupid
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Theme, how-extraction]John declared how he did it | The president proclaimed how we should work
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Theme, noun phrase with past participle]The president judged the matter closed
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Theme, that-complement clause]The president maintained that the matter was closed
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Theme, to be]The president maintained Smith to be a good man
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Theme, what-extraction]The president declared what we should do
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Theme, what-infinitive clause]The president declared what to do
    • domain: jurisprudence / law
    • lexical domain: Communication - verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing
    • synonyms of prove: bear witness / evidence / show / testify
    • more generic word: inform = impart knowledge of some fact, state of affairs, or event to
    • more specific words:
  4. prove formally; demonstrate by a mathematical, formal proof
  5. put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to
    • lexical domain: Activities - verbs of political and social activities and events
    • synonyms of prove: essay / examine / test / try / try out
    • more generic terms: evaluate / judge / pass judgment = form a critical opinion of
    • more specific words:
      • control / verify = check or regulate (a scientific experiment) by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard
      • float = circulate or discuss tentatively
      • field-test = test something under the conditions under which it will actually be used
  6. increase in volume
    • lexical domain: Motions - verbs of walking, flying, swimming
    • synonym of prove: rise
    • more generic word: grow = become larger, greater, or bigger
  7. cause to puff up with a leaven
  8. take a trial impression of
    • lexical domain: Creation - verbs of sewing, baking, painting, performing
    • more generic words: impress / print = reproduce by printing
  9. obtain probate of
    • example: prove a will
    • domain: jurisprudence / law
    • lexical domain: Cognition - verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting
    • more generic word: authenticate = establish the authenticity of something

Alternative definition of the verb prove


  1. [transitive] To demonstrate that something is true or viable; to give proof for.
  2. [intransitive] To turn out; to manifest.
  3. [context: copulative] To turn out to be.
  4. [transitive] To (put to the) test, proof
  5. [archaic] To experience
  6. simple past of proove

Phrases with prove

Phrases starting with the word prove:

  1. Prove Out
  2. prove oneself

Phrases ending with the word prove:

  1. Fend and Prove
  2. Chthonius prove
  3. Species Chthonius Prove

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for prove

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewSymplectic Geometry and Quantization (1994)

Two Symposia on Symplectic Geometry and Quantization Problems, July 1993, Japan by Yoshiaki Maeda, Hideki Omori, Alan Weinstein

The first thing to prove is that ker C is a covering space of Go” that is to say that if S, e 'O(Go”, 1), So = To and C(S) = 0, and if S is the covering path in Go , then C( S) = 0. But as C(S) = 0, C(S) e D and if D is totally disconnected C(S) = 0. So ker ...

Google previewThe London encyclopaedia, or, Universal dictionary of science, art, literature, and practical mechanics, by the orig. ed. of the Encyclopaedia metropolitana [T. Curtis]. (1839)

by Thomas Curtis (of Grove house sch, Islington)

PROVE, v. a. & v. n. 1 Fr. prouver ; Ital. Prove'able, adj. ] provare ; Spanish pro- bar; Lat. probo.

Google previewBryson's Dictionary of Troublesome Words (2004)

by Bill Bryson

Prove here is a “fossi1”—that is, a word or phrase that is ...

Google previewA Popular Law-Dictionary, familiarly explaining the terms and nature of English Law, etc (1838)

by Thomas Edlyne TOMLINS

prove for the overplus due. It has, however, been decided, that workmen employed by the job or piece, under a contract for each particular job, are not entitled to such payment of wages. Annuities. – Annuity creditors are entitled to prove under ...

Online dictionaries and encyclopedias with entries for prove

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Usage statistics about prove

The following statistics are based on the British National Corpus, so they are representative for the British English from the later part of the 20th century, both spoken and written.

Usage statistics for the verb prove:

spoken English20.69%written English79.31%

Distribution of usage frequency for the most common synonyms of the verb prove:


Comparison of usage frequency between the verb prove and its most common antonym:


Photos about prove

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If you need related images for an article or a report, you can download stock photos:
Small photo of to let the dough prove, kneadingSmall photo of Explosion prove electrical plug on white steel wall with yellow handles on offshore oil drilling rig.Small photo of goats trying to prove whose king of the rockSmall photo of to let the dough prove, kneadingSmall photo of Portrait of stressful American male has panic screams and gestures in terror, begs someone for forgiveness, doesn`t know how to prove his guiltness. man in despair poses indoors.Small photo of energetic man trying to prove somethingSmall photo of Dissatisfied African American worker arguing with Caucasian colleague, showing disagreement with contract breach issue, discussing document content, trying to prove his point of view. Bad relations More...

Video language resources about prove

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View more videos about Prove It, Prove Out, and Fend and Prove.

See also the pronunciation examples of prove!

Sign language

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Quotes about prove

No amount of experimentation can ever prove me right a single experiment can prove me wrong. (Albert Einstein)
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Scrabble value of P3R1O1V4E1

The value of this 5-letter word is 10 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Anagrams of PROVE

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See also the blanagrams of prove!

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