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Preempt

Preempt (to supersede; appropiate for oneself) is considered to be an advanced word, according to the Barron's essential words for the GRE, which includes 800 college- and graduate-level words that frequently appear on the Graduate Record Exam.

Definition of the noun preempt

What does preempt mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: preempts

  1. a high bid that is intended to prevent the opposing players from bidding

Definition of the verb preempt

What does preempt mean as a doing word?

verb - inflections: preempted | preempting | preempts

  1. acquire for oneself before others can do so
    • lexical domain: Possession - verbs of buying, selling, owning
    • more generic words: acquire / get = come into the possession of something concrete or abstract
  2. take the place of or have precedence over
    • examples: live broadcast of the presidential debate preempts the regular news hour | discussion of the emergency situation will preempt the lecture by the professor
    • lexical domain: Activities - verbs of political and social activities and events
    • synonym of preempt: displace
    • more generic terms: replace / supersede / supervene upon / supplant = take the place or move into the position of
  3. gain possession of by prior right or opportunity, especially so as to obtain the right to buy (land)
    • lexical domain: Possession - verbs of buying, selling, owning
    • more generic words: acquire / get = come into the possession of something concrete or abstract
  4. make a preemptive bid in the game of bridge
    • domain: bridge
    • lexical domain: Possession - verbs of buying, selling, owning
    • more generic words: bid / call = make a demand, as for a card or a suit or a show of hands

Alternative definition of the verb preempt

verb

  1. [transitive] to appropriate something (before someone else does)
  2. [transitive] to displace something, or take precedence over something
  3. [bridge, intransitive] to make a preemptive bid at bridge

Explanation

Preempt is a bid in contract bridge whose primary objectives are to thwart opponents ability to bid to their best contract, with some safety, and to fully describe one's hand to one's partner in a single bid. A preemptive bid is usually made by jumping, i.e. skipping one or more bidding levels. Since it deprives the opponents of the bidding space, it is expected that they will either find a wrong contract of their own, or fail to find any. A preemptive bid often has the aim of a sacrifice, where a partnership bids a contract knowing it cannot be made, but assumes that, the penalty will still be smaller than the value of opponents' bid and made contract.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Preempt

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewImplementing Cisco IP Switched Networks (SWITCH) Foundation Learning Guide (2010)

Foundation learning for SWITCH 642-813 by Richard Froom, Balaji Sivasubramanian, Erum Frahim

Preempt is an important feature of HSRP that enables the primary router to resume the active role when it comes back online after a failure or maintenance event. Preemption is a desired behavior because it forces a predictable routing path for ...

Google previewUniform Law for International Sales Under the 1980 United Nations Convention (2009)

by John Honnold, Harry M. Flechtner

Without such explicit guidance from the text of the Convention,having commentators or even judges decide what domestic law is too important to preempt is a recipe for non-uniformity and infringement of the ''legislative'' function. For example ...

Google previewInternational Ethics (2005)

Concepts, Theories, and Cases in Global Politics by Mark R. Amstutz

To preempt means to attack before an aggressor strikes. According to Walzer, the legitimacy of the first strike should not be based solely on the imminence of attack but on the level of danger. For him, preemptive attack is morally justified when ...

Google previewDictionary of Legal Terms, 5th edition

by Steven H. Gifis

When Congress legislates in an area of federal concern, it may specifically preempt all state legislation (thus OCCUPYING THE FIELD) or may bar only inconsistent legislation; where Congress does not directly indicate its intention in this ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Modern Legal Usage (2001)

by Bryan A. Garner

See preempt. For more on sense (5), see preemption, federal. For right of preemption, see option. Peremption is a rare legal term meaning "the act or process of quashing" (W3), "a nonsuit." It is rare everywhere, apparently, but in Louisiana.

Google previewThe SAGE Encyclopedia of Pharmacology and Society (2015)

by Sarah E. Boslaugh

that are relevant to drug regulation traditionally preempt state law if a CBA provision sets forth the ...

Google previewA Consumer's Dictionary of Food Additives, 7th Edition (2009)

Descriptions in Plain English of More Than 12,000 Ingredients Both Harmful and Desirable Found in Foods by Ruth Winter

CF-3 • Preempt. A blend of twenty-nine beneficial microbes found in the gastrointestinal tracts of mature, healthy chickens that can reduce salmonella ( see) colonization. CF-3 products are made up of live bacteria that can be given to animals ...

Google previewThe Century Dictionary: The Century dictionary (1911)

adempt, preempt, ...

Google previewThe Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia: Supplement (1910)

by William Dwight Whitney

preempt II. n. 1. The region directly in front of the thigh of animals. — 2. Any one of the lymph-glands situated in front of the thigh in animals. precursor, n. 2. Specifically, in the history of the fine arts, an early artist of ...

Google previewMerriam-Webster's Dictionary of Synonyms (1984)

by Merriam-Webster, Inc

arrogate vb Arrogate, usurp, preempt, appropriate, confiscate mean to seize or assume something by more or less high-handed methods.

Google previewGuns in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law, 2nd Edition [3 volumes] (2012)

An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law by Gregg Lee Carter

Such laws preempt local ordinances that would be more restrictive than state gun laws. By 2011, all states but Hawaii have at least limited preemption, while the majority have complete preemption of all local firearm laws. Massachusetts ...

Google previewThe A-Z Encyclopedia of Food Controversies and the Law (2011)

by Elizabeth Marie Williams, Stephanie J. Carter

If a labeling law, which may have a state law that mirrors it, is changed to require more stringent labeling or add new labeling requirements, the new federal law will preempt the state law. This rule of preemption also applies to local laws, such ...

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Video about Preempt

Preempt Meaning

Video shows what preempt means. to appropriate something (before someone else does). to displace something, or take precedence over something. to make a ...

Scrabble value of P3R1E1E1M3P3T1

The value of this 7-letter word is 13 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Anagrams of PREEMPT

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