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Polysaccharide

Definition of the noun polysaccharide

What does polysaccharide mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: polysaccharides

  1. any of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain chains of monosaccharide molecules
    • example: Chitin is a polysaccharide.
    • lexical domain: Substances - nouns denoting substances
    • synonym of polysaccharide: polyose
    • more generic words: carbohydrate / saccharide / sugar = an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances
    • more specific terms:
      • chitin = a tough semitransparent horny substance
      • cellulose = a polysaccharide that is the chief constituent of all plant tissues and fibers
      • animal starch / glycogen = one form in which body fuel is stored
      • inulin = used to manufacture fructose and in assessing kidney function
      • dextrin = any of various polysaccharides obtained by hydrolysis of starch
      • mucopolysaccharide = complex polysaccharides containing an amino group
      • amylum / starch = a complex carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice
    • substance: glucosamine = an amino derivative of glucose that is a component of many polysaccharides

Alternative definition of the noun polysaccharide

noun

  1. [carbohydrates] A polymer made of many saccharide units linked by glycosidic bonds.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Polysaccharide

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewMeningococcal Vaccines (2001)

by Andrew J. Pollard, Martin C.J. Maiden

1, the serogroup B polysaccharide is a homopolymer of (2-8)-linked sialic-acid residues (4) and similar structures have also been...

Google previewBiology: The Dynamic Science, Volume 1 w/ PAC

by Peter J. Russell

A polysaccharide is a type of macromolecule, meaning a very large molecule assembled by the covalent linkage of smaller subunit molecules. The subunit for a polysaccharide is the monosaccharide. The dehydration synthesis reactions that ...

Google previewInt Std Ed-General Biology (2007)

by Peter Russell

A polysaccharide is a type of macromolecule, meaning a very large molecule assembled by the covalent linkage of smaller subunit molecules. The subunit for a polysaccharide is the monosaccharide. The dehydration synthesis reactions that ...

Google previewCracking the AP Biology Exam (2013)

by Kim Magloire, Princeton Review (Firm)

Therefore, a polysaccharide is a kind of polymer, a molecule with repeating saibunits of the same general type. The most common polysaccharides you'll need to know for the test are starch, cellulose, and glycogen. Polysaccharides are often ...

Google previewA Text Book on Chiropractic Chemistry (1920)

by S. J. Burich

A polysaccharide is a sugar which will take up three, or more, molecules of water and yield four or more sugars. Amylose is a starch found widely distributed in the animal kingdom consisting of an external layer of cellulose and an internal ...

Google previewPseudomonas Infection and Alginates (2012)

Biochemistry, genetics and pathology by Peter Gacesa, Nicholas J. Russell

and it has been shown that a relatively small portion of a polysaccharide is the major site of antibody specificity (Bishop and Jennings, 1982).

Google previewPharmaceutical Biotechnology (2010)

by Carlos A. Guzmán, Giora Z. Feuerstein

Unfortunately, this approach was not feasible for serogroup B, since its capsular polysaccharide is a polymer of a(2-8)-linked N-acetylneuraminic acid that is also present in mammal tissues and its use in a vaccine could lead to autoimmune ...

Google previewProceedings of the 51st Purdue Industrial Waste Conference1996 Conference (1997)

by Purdue Research Foun

Thus the cell wall polysaccharide is an altering polymer of NAM and NAG joined by B ( 1-4) glycosidic linkages. Lysozyme, a glycosidase, hydrolizes the glycosidic bonds between C- 1 of the NAM and C-4 of the NAG. The other glycosidic ...

Google previewMedicinal Chemistry—III (2013)

Main Lectures Presented at the Third International Symposium on Medicinal Chemistry by P. Pratesi

The polysaccharide is a 1,43-linked polymer of N-acetylglucosamine (exactly like chitin) except that each alternate residue has at C-3 an ether-linked D-lactic acid residue. The complete substituted hexosamine residue is called muramic acid.

Google previewEncyclopedia of Chemical Processing (2006)

by Sunggyu Lee

close to ideal conditions, interaction between polysaccharide molecules...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease (2009)

With 213 Tables by Florian Lang

selective antibody deficiency to bacterial polysaccharide antigens, and [3] IgG subclass deficiency ( Fig.

Google previewFoods & Nutrition Encyclopedia, Two Volume Set (1993)

by Marion Eugene Ensminger, Audrey H. Ensminger

Guar gum Polysaccharide Stabilizer and thickener; texturizer Extracted from seeds of the guar plant of India and Pakistan. Employed in such foods as cheese, salad dressings, ice cream, and soups. Gum arable Polysaccharide Stabilizer and ...

Google previewEncyclopaedic Dictionary of Biology (2003)

by S. Choudhary

22 glycocalyx : A slimy polysaccharide coating on the surface of eukaryotic cells; it carries a negative electrical charge due to its acidity.

Google previewIllustrated Dictionary of Immunology, Third Edition (2009)

by Julius M. Cruse, Robert E. Lewis

capsular polysaccharide A constituent of the protective coating around a number of bacteria such as pneumococcus (Streptococcus pneumoniae).

Google previewPolymer Science Dictionary (2017)

by Mark Alger

gum arabic A complex gum polysaccharide, ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Dentistry (2010)

by Robert Ireland

polysaccharide. n. A complex carbohydrate formed from many monosaccharides joined together. They function as a storage form of energy e.g. glycogen in animals, and as structural elements e.g. mucopolysaccharides in animals and ...

Google previewFoods & Nutrition Encyclopedia, 2nd Edition (1993)

by Marion Eugene Ensminger, Audrey H. Ensminger

Guar gum Polysaccharide Stabilizer and thickener; texturizer Extracted from seeds of the guar plant of India and Pakistan. Employed in such foods as cheese, salad dressings, ice cream, and soups. Gum arable Polysaccharide Stabilizer and ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Dietary Supplements (Print) (2004)

by Paul M. Coates, M. Coates Paul, Marc Blackman, Marc R. Blackman, Gordon M. Cragg, Mark Levine, Jeffrey D. White, Joel Moss, Mark A. Levine

The polysaccharide with the major anticomplement activity consisted of arabinose, galactose, and glucose, and small amounts...

An acidic polysaccharide fraction containing galactose, arabinose, and uronic acids showed inhibition of ...

Google previewDictionary of Carbohydrates (2005)

by Peter M. Collins

Terminalia tomentosa gums and from tragacanthic acid, the major polysaccharide component of gum tragacanth.

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Photos about Polysaccharide

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Small photo of Vegetable and Herb, Noni, Morinda Citrifolia, Great Morinda, Indian Mulberry, Beach Mulberry or Cheese Fruits in A Cup with Polysaccharide, Vitamin A, C and Calcium. The Essential Nutrient for Life.Small photo of Vegetable and Herb, Noni, Morinda Citrifolia, Great Morinda, Indian Mulberry, Beach Mulberry or Cheese Fruits with Herbal Tablets High in Polysaccharide, Vitamin A, C and Calcium.Small photo of Vegetable and Herb, Fresh Noni, Morinda Citrifolia, Great Morinda, Indian Mulberry, Beach Mulberry or Cheese Fruits with Polysaccharide, Vitamin A, C and Calcium. The Essential Nutrient for Life.Small photo of Vegetable and Herb, Fresh Ripe Noni, Morinda Citrifolia, Great Morinda, Indian Mulberry, Beach Mulberry or Cheese Fruits with Polysaccharide, Vitamin A, C and Calcium. The Essential Nutrient for Life.Small photo of Vegetable and Herb, Fresh Ripe Noni, Morinda Citrifolia, Great Morinda, Indian Mulberry, Beach Mulberry or Cheese Fruits with Polysaccharide, Vitamin A, C and Calcium.Small photo of Vegetable and Herb, Fresh Noni, Morinda Citrifolia, Great Morinda, Indian Mulberry, Beach Mulberry or Cheese Fruits with Polysaccharide, Vitamin A, C and Calcium. The Essential Nutrient for Life.Small photo of Vegetable and Herb, Noni, Morinda Citrifolia, Great Morinda, Indian Mulberry, Beach Mulberry or Cheese Fruits with Herbal Tablets High in Polysaccharide, Vitamin A, C and Calcium. More...

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Quotes about Polysaccharide

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Scrabble value of P3O1L1Y4S1A1C3C3H4A1R1I1D2E1

The value of this 14-letter word is 27 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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