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The following statistics are based on the British National Corpus, so they are representative for the British English.

Distribution of usage frequency for the most common synonyms of the noun judiciary:

Video footage: CIRCA 1918 - President Woodrow Wilson is greeted by a judiciary committee upon arriving in England.
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Definition of the noun judiciary

What does judiciary mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: judiciaries

  1. persons who administer justice
  2. the system of law courts that administer justice and constitute the judicial branch of government
    • lexical domain: Groups - nouns denoting groupings of people or objects
    • synonyms of judiciary: judicatory / judicature / judicial system
    • more generic words: scheme / system = a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole
    • more specific term: Federal Judiciary = the judiciary of the United States which is responsible for interpreting and enforcing federal laws
    • part of: authorities / government / regime = the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit


The judiciary is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The judiciary also provides a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the judiciary generally does not make law or enforce law, but rather interprets law and applies it to the facts of each case. This branch of the state is often tasked with ensuring equal justice under law. It usually consists of a court of final appeal, together with lower courts.

  • also known as Judicial system

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Judiciary

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Google previewUniverse (1921)

by Scudder Klyce, John Dewey

The judiciary is the sociological governmental Holy Ghost (in wider sense, "public opinion" is— represented mostly by the press). The judiciary, having no power, is hence, so long as it attends to its legitimate and constitutionally allowed ...

Google previewAging and Old Age (1997)

by Richard A. Posner

The judiciary is the nation's premier geriatric occupation. But it must not be considered in isolation from the rest of the legal profession. The different branches of the profession are interdependent. For example, precisely because judicial ...

Google previewRegister of Debates in Congress (1832)

Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress: [Dec. 6, 1824, to the First Session of the Twenty-fifth Congress, Oct. 16, 1837] Together with an Appendix, Containing the Most Important State Papers and Public Documents to which the Session Has Given Birth: to which are Added, the Laws Enacted During the Session, with a Copious Index to the Whole .. by United States. Congress

Judiciary is a word of largerimport than the term court. It denotes so many separate institutions, emanating from different sources, governed by different principles, and acting upon different rules. The case of Martin vs. Hunter is very prominent ...

Google previewCongressional Record, V. 144, Pt. 1, January 27, 1998 to February 13 1998 (2003)

Constitutional scheme: The federal judiciary is an important part of our system of checks and balances. The federal courts not only decide cases, but also enforce important constitutional values. They can act as a bulwark against government ...

Google previewLibertatem Magazine (2015)

Issue 7

One such important attempt, which is highly debated, for the independence of judiciary is the appointment for National Judicial Appointment Commission ( NJAC) established by the National Judicial Appointments Commission Act, 2014, which ...

Google previewPolitics (2011)

An Introduction to the Modern Democratic State by Larry Johnston

the jUDiciaRy as a bRaNch of GoveRNmeNt In the Madisonian model of the United States, the judiciary is the third branch of government in a way it has never been in the Westminster model in the United Kingdom. The US Constitution defines ...

Google previewJournal of the Senate of the State of New-York (1834)

The judiciary is an essential branch of all governments; to those of liberal principles it is, and ever will be, an object of much solicitude, and the more so in proportion to the sacred regard which is cherished for personal security and the rights of ...

Google previewAdmiralty Decisions in the District Court of the United States for the Pennsylvania District (1807)

by Richard Peters, Francis Hopkinson, Samuel Wilcocks

The judiciary is a co-ordinate branch, and as much a part of the government as the legislative and executive; to the end that whatever powers it has, within its constitutional ,orbit, may be exercised firmly and independently. Other branches ...

Google previewReligious Free Exercise and Contemporary American Politics (2010)

The Saga of the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act of 2000 by Jerold L. Waltman

Too, free exercise has been caught up in a renewed discussion about whether the judiciary is the exclusive interpreter of our constitutional rights or whether Congress also has a role to play. Canvassing these matters, therefore, forms a ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of U.S. Political History (2010)

by Andrew Robertson

The Judiciary Acts of 1789 and 1801 reflect the ongoing feud between the Democratic-Republicans and the Federalists. The former were in favor of states' rights and against a Constitution that delegated too much power to the federal ...

Google previewInternational Encyclopedia of Political Science (2011)

by Bertrand Badie, Dirk Berg-Schlosser, Leonardo Morlino

The judiciary is considered a power on the same level as the legislative and the executive: It becomes a veritable third branch of government, as it is often defined in the United States. This picture emerges even more clearly from a comparison ...

Google previewHistorical Dictionary of the U.S. Congress (2011)

by Scot Schraufnagel

IUNKETS ° IZI JUDICIARY ACT OF 1789. With this legislation Congress established the federal court system. Specifically, it established that the Supreme Court would have six members and that one of them would be chosen to serve as a ...

Google previewDictionary of Ethics, Theology and Society (2013)

by Paul A. B. Clarke, Andrew Linzey

Hosinski JUDICIARY The judiciary is that branch of government ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of the Reconstruction Era [Two Volumes] (2006)

by Richard Zuczek

House Judiciary Committee The U.S. House of Representatives has the constitutional responsibility to impeach federal officials if necessary. During Reconstruction, many people wanted President Andrew Johnson impeached because they ...

Google previewIndia Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic [2 volumes] (2011)

An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic by Arnold P. Kaminsky, Roger D. Long Ph.D.

JUDICIARY SYSTEM from ordinary adjudication in three senses: there is no litigation between two parties; an advisory opinion is not binding on the government; and it is not executable as a judgment of the court. The provision is an interesting ...

Online dictionaries and encyclopedias with entries for Judiciary

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Photos about Judiciary

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Independent Judiciary March

Photo credit: Gigi Ibrahim

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Small photo of Washington DC. USA,10th September 1991 Clarence Thomas nominee for Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court ponders questions from Senate Judiciary Committee during confirmation hearingsSmall photo of Bird sits on judiciary statue.Small photo of Washington DC., USA, 10th September,1991 Clarence Thomas nominee for Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court ponders questions from the Senate Judiciary Committee during his confirmationSmall photo of Washington DC., USA, September 10, 1991 Clarence Thomas nominee for Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court ponders questions to him from members of the Senate Judiciary CommitteeSmall photo of WASHINGTON - JULY 18: A sign at the entrance to a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing room in Washington, DC on July 18, 2017. The US Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress.Small photo of WASHINGTON - JULY 18: A sign at the entrance to a House Judiciary Committee hearing room in Washington, DC on July 18, 2017. The House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the US Congress.Small photo of Humorous photo of a child girl judge with closed eyes as a symbol of blind justice and judiciary corruption More...

Video language resources about Judiciary

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See also the pronunciation examples of Judiciary!

Quotes about Judiciary

The Government subverting judiciary,
The judiciary yielding to bribery,
Faith and trust are lost in democracy.
No prosperity can bring about peace.
29.09.2010 (Rm. Shanmugam Chettiar)
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Scrabble value of J8U1D2I1C3I1A1R1Y4

The value of this 9-letter word is 22 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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