For all your dictionary needs!
Spelling. Are you looking for circumstanced?
Header of circumstance


The following statistics are based on the British National Corpus, so they are representative for the British English.

Distribution of usage frequency for the most common synonyms of the noun circumstance:


The word circumstance and its family (circumstances) are included in the Academic Word List by Dr. Averil Coxhead, which contains the 570 most frequent word families used in academic texts from a variety of subject areas, of interest for students that learn the words most needed to study at tertiary institutions.

Video footage: A troubled man who is leaning against a stone fence pondering his circumstance
Play/pauseBuy footageFind more

Definition of the noun circumstance

What does circumstance mean as a name of something?

Circumstance is one of the top 1000 most common nouns in the English language.

noun - plural: circumstances

  1. a condition that accompanies or influences some event or activity
    • lexical domain: States - nouns denoting stable states of affairs
    • more generic words: condition / status = a state at a particular time
    • more specific terms:
      • event / case = a special set of circumstances
      • hinge = a circumstance upon which subsequent events depend
      • playing field = the circumstances under which competition occurs
  2. the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation or event
    • lexical domain: States - nouns denoting stable states of affairs
    • synonyms of circumstance: context / setting
    • more generic word: environment = the totality of surrounding conditions
    • more specific words:
      • conditions = the set of circumstances that affect someone's welfare
      • conditions = the prevailing context that influences the performance or the outcome of a process
  3. information that should be kept in mind when making a decision
    • lexical domain: Cognitive Processes - nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents
    • synonyms of circumstance: condition / consideration
    • more generic word: information = knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction
    • more specific terms:
      • justification = something (such as a fact or circumstance) that shows an action to be reasonable or necessary
      • mitigating circumstance = a circumstance that does not exonerate a person but which reduces the penalty associated with the offense
  4. formal ceremony about important occasions

Alternative definition of the noun circumstance


  1. That which attends, or relates to, or in some way affects, a fact or event; an attendant thing or state of things.
  2. An event; a fact; a particular incident.
  3. Circumlocution; detail.
  4. Condition in regard to worldly estate; state of property; situation; surroundings.

Definition of the verb circumstance

What does circumstance mean as a doing word?

verb - inflections: circumstanced | circumstancing | circumstances

  1. To place in a particular situation; to supply relative incidents.


  1. "Circumstance" is a 2011 drama film written and directed by Maryam Keshavarz.
  2. "Circumstance" is a 1922 Australian silent film directed by Lawson Harris.

Phrases with Circumstance

  1. Under No Circumstance
  2. mitigating circumstance
  3. Extenuating Circumstance

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Circumstance

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewResearch Handbook on the Future of Work and Employment Relations (2011)

by Keith Townsend, Adrian Wilkinson

Put simply, circumstance is the situation an organization finds itself in as a result of the 'outside world', while strategy is what an organization internally decides to do about the external situation it finds itself in. More bluntly, circumstance is what ...

Google previewCyberspace Law (2016)

Cases and Materials by Raymond S. R. Ku

The third circumstance is that the Registrant has obtained the domain name “ primarily for the purpose of disrupting the business of a competitor.” This can be dealt with very swiftly as there is no suggestion that that is the case in the present ...

Google previewThe Asiatic Journal (1838)

One aggravating circumstance is the duration of the confinement. Confinement for a quarter of an hour may sometimes be a mere frolic, which would deserve only a nominal punishment, which, indeed, might be so harmless as not to amount to ...

Google previewThe Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany (1838)

One aggravating circumstance is the duration of the confinement. Confinement for a quarter of an hour may sometimes be a mere frolic, which would deserve only a nominal punishment, which, indeed, might be so harmless as not to amount to ...

Google previewElectromechanics and MEMS (2013)

by Thomas Byron Jones, Thomas B. Jones, Nenad G. Nenadic

This fortunate circumstance is a direct consequence of the mutual consistency of the laws of electromagnetism, the principles of circuit theory, and energy conservation.

Google previewThe Wolters Kluwer Bouvier Law Dictionary (2015)

Quick Reference by Stephen Michael Sheppard

CIRCUMSTANCE (CIRCUMSTANCES) Any of the haphazard or intended elements that may be relevant in understanding an event. AGGRAVATING CIRCUMSTANCE (AGGRAVATING FACTORS) Any fact or condition that makes a situation ...

Google previewThe Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (1994)

by Sylvia Chalker, Edmund Weiner

circumstance 1 The state of affairs surrounding and affecting an action, event, etc. The term is sometimes invoked in its general sense in a ...

Google previewA Dictionary of English Synonymes ... (1845)

by John Platts

CHOOSE — CIRCUMSTANCE. Select, [seligo, L.] to determine in favor of. Choose a situation ; make choice of a skilful person ; prefer what we love ; pick the finest fruit ; select the best authors. CHOOSE, to select ; to make choice of. Elect ...

Google previewA Botanical Dictionary (1805)

Or, Elements of Systematic and Philosophical Botany by Colin Milne

the stamina are attached to a long pillar-shaped foot-stalk resembling a style, which supports the feed-bud ; a circumstance which ought to have determined that genus to the class gynaiidria in the ...

Google previewA Pocket Dictionary of the Law of Bills of Exchange, Promissory Notes, Bank Notes, Checks, [etc.] (1808)

With an Appendix, Containing Abstracts of Acts and Select Cases Relative to Negotiable Securities, Analysis of a Count in Assumpsit, Tables of Notarial Fees, Stamps, Postage, [etc.] by John Irving Maxwell

This mode being out of the common course of dealing, affords ground for suspicion, in consequence of which it is always left to the Jury, on the slightest circumstance, to presume that the indorsee was acquainted with the facts rendering the ...

Google previewWebster's New World Law Dictionary (2010)

by Jonathan Wallace, Susan Ellis Wild

circumstance particular jurisdiction. Because the parties cannot confer jurisdiction upon a court, they must select a court and place that would otherwise have jurisdiction; however, since more than one court may have jurisdiction, the parties ...

Google previewNew Zealand Māori Word Encyclopedia (2007)

by Sally-Anne Lambert

/ That circumstance (time , place , situation) koni (that place - eg. Hei koni: farewell said by person leaving. G E kore korua e ngaro ki koni. / circumstance, situation - eg.

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Ecotourism (2001)

by David Bruce Weaver

Circumstance. A global overview of the state of the art with regard to ecotourism in the world's regions could not only result in overgeneralization, but also prove to be a counter-productive exercise. This is because the regions, as can be seen ...

Online dictionaries and encyclopedias with entries for Circumstance

Click on a label to prioritize search results according to that topic:

Photos about Circumstance

Click on an item to view that photo:


Stout of Circumstance

Smokestack at Magnolia Brewing SF CA

Photo credit: PunkToad

If you need related images for an article or a report, you can download stock photos:
Small photo of circumstance word in a dictionary. circumstance conceptSmall photo of circumstance word in a dictionary. circumstance conceptSmall photo of circumstance word in a dictionary. circumstance conceptSmall photo of circumstance word in a dictionary. circumstance conceptSmall photo of circumstance word in a dictionary. circumstance conceptSmall photo of aerial view of general bulk cargo ship vessel on departure unberthing from the sea port terminal, safety circumstance sailingh by tug boats assist pull towage under navigation command pilotSmall photo of Power infrastructure during winter. Fog circumstance in morning time. More...

Video language resources about Circumstance

Click on an item to play that video:

View more videos about Under No Circumstance and Extenuating Circumstance.

See also the pronunciation examples of Circumstance!

Quotes about Circumstance

I once had a sparrow alight upon my shoulder for a moment, while I was hoeing in a village garden, and I felt that I was more distinguished by that circumstance that I should have been by any epaulet I could have worn. (Henry David Thoreau)
more quotes about circumstance...

Scrabble value of C3I1R1C3U1M3S1T1A1N1C3E1

The value of this 12-letter word is 20 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Share this page


Go to the usage examples of Circumstance to see it in context!

Privacy Policy | Cookies Policy
Keyword Tool | Romanian-English Dictionary