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Red Summer


Who is Red Summer?

Red Summer is an actress and film director.


  1. "Red summer" a.k.a. "Hạ đỏ" is a 1991 work by Nguyen Nhat Anh.
  2. "Red Summer" is a book by Bill Carter.
  3. "Red summer" is a book by Amaud Jamaul Johnson.


The Red Summer refers to the race riots that occurred in more than three dozen cities in the United States during the summer and early autumn of 1919. In most instances, whites attacked African Americans. In some cases many blacks fought back, notably in Chicago, where, along with Washington, D.C. and Elaine, Arkansas, the greatest number of fatalities occurred.

  • also known as 1919年红色夏季

Printed encyclopedias and other books with definitions for Red Summer

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Google previewAn Illustrated Encyclopaedia of Gardening (1913)

by Walter Page Wright

red summer Morina longifolia purple summer Orobus aurantius yellow 1 early summer Papaver nudicaule (Iceland Poppy) yellow 1' summer ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of American Social Movements (2015)

by Immanuel Ness

In the immediate postwar era, the Red Scare of 1919 launched against Socialists, Communists, and Anarchists in the wake of the Russian Revolution merged with a "Red Summer" of race riots against black urban populations, which saw ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of U.S. Political History (2010)

by Andrew Robertson

The Great Migration combined with conflict over housing and employment created a “Red Summer,” a term coined by the African American intellectual and civil rights leader James Weldon Johnson. “Red Summer” referred to the widespread ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present (2009)

From the Age of Segregation to the Twenty-first Century Five-volume Set by Paul Finkelman

The appellation “Red Summer” reflects the bloodiness of the twenty-five race riots that occurred throughout the nation. The first event was in Charleston, South Carolina, with Longview, Texas; Washington, D.C.; Chicago, Illinois; Knoxville, ...

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Red Summer

Red Summer

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