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Pilus

Definition of the noun pilus

What does pilus mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: pili

  1. any of the cylindrical filaments characteristically growing from the epidermis of a mammal
    • lexical domain: Body Parts - nouns denoting body parts
    • synonym of pilus: hair
    • more generic words: filament / filum = a threadlike structure
    • more specific term: ingrown hair = a hair that does not emerge from the follicle but remains embedded in the skin
    • part of: mammal / mammalian = any warm-blooded vertebrate having the skin more or less covered with hair
  2. hairlike structure especially on the surface of a cell or microorganism
    • lexical domain: Animals - nouns denoting animals
    • more generic word: hair = a filamentous projection or process on an organism
    • part of: micro-organism / microorganism = any organism of microscopic size

Alternative definition of the noun pilus

noun

  1. [microbiology] A hairlike appendage found on the cell surface of many bacteria

Phrases with Pilus

  1. Toru Pilus
  2. Asellus Pilus
  3. Fagopyrum Pilus
  4. Lirceolus pilus
  5. Caecidotea pilus
  6. Conasellus pilus
  7. Notoscolex Pilus
  8. Species Toru Pilus
  9. Pseudoeukrohnia Pilus
  10. Species Asellus Pilus
  11. Species Fagopyrum Pilus
  12. species Lirceolus pilus
  13. species Caecidotea pilus
  14. species Conasellus pilus
  15. Species Notoscolex Pilus
  16. Species Pseudoeukrohnia Pilus

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Pilus

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewMonoclonal Antibodies Against Bacteria (2014)

by Alberto J. L. Macario, Everly Conway de Macario

The F41 pilus is the most recently characterized adhesin of EPEC important in veterinary medicine (20). At present, F41 has been...

Google previewFUNDAMENTALS OF BIOCHEMISTRY, CELL BIOLOGY AND BIOPHYSICS - Volume II (2010)

by Ralph Kirby,T.G. Downing and M.I.El Gohary

Pili The pilus is the product of the plasmid borne tra genes. Typically about ten...

The pilus is a hollow cylindrical structure composed of a protein called pilin, which in E. coli has a molecular weight of about 11,000 daltons. Pilin is arranged ...

Google previewChemistry, Cell Biology, and Genetics, Volume I (2016)

Biology, Cell biology by CTI Reviews

A pilus is a hairlike appendage found ...

Google previewVirology (2016)

Medicine, Internal medicine by CTI Reviews

A pilus is a hairlike appendage found on the surface of many bacteria. The terms pilus and fimbria are often used interchangeably, although some researchers reserve the term pilus for the appendage required for bacterial conjugation.

Google previewe-Study Guide for: Foundations in Microbiology by Kathleen Park Talaro, ISBN 9780073375298 (2013)

by Cram101 Textbook Reviews

A pilus is a hairlike appendage found on the surface of many bacteria. The terms pilus and fimbria can be used interchangeably, although some researchers reserve the term pilus for the appendage required for bacterial conjugation.

Google previewBiology (2016)

by CTI Reviews

A pilus is a hairlike appendage found on the surface of many bacteria. The terms pilus and fimbria (Latin for 'fringe'; plural: fimbriae) can be used interchangeably, although some researchers reserve the term pilus for the appendage required ...

Google previewThe Invisible Kingdom (Large Print 16pt) (2010)

by Idan Ben-Barak

The F-plasmid mainly contains genes responsible for creating and activating a “sex pilus.” A pilus is a hairy, longish ...

Google previewPrescott's Principles of Microbiology (2016)

Biology, Microbiology by CTI Reviews

A pilus is a hairlike appendage found on the surface.

Google previewCell Biology and Genetics (2016)

by CTI Reviews

A pilus is a hairlike appendage found on the surface of many bacteria. The terms pilus and fimbria (Latin for 'fringe'; plural: fimbriae) can be used interchangeably, although some researchers reserve the term pilus for the appendage required ...

Google previewGlycomicrobiology (2000)

by Ronald J. Doyle

Pilus is a polymer of thousands of subunits arranged in a helical array to form a fiber. A bacterium may elaborate numerous fibers covering the entire surface. The fiber traverses the capsule and extends several microns beyond the surface of ...

Google previewLife (2016)

by CTI Reviews

A pilus is a hairlike appendage found on the surface of many bacteria. The terms pilus and fimbria (Latin for 'fringe'; plural: fimbriae) can be used interchangeably, although some researchers reserve the term pilus for the appendage required ...

Google previewHandbook of Biologically Active Peptides (2013)

by Abba Kastin

The Pa pilus is a key virulence factor12 as binding to the oligosaccharide ( GalNAcβ(1-4) Gal) of the target receptors (asialo-GM1 and asialo-GM2) is the first step in establishing infection. Therefore, a vaccine that elicits antibodies that target ...

Google previewBacterial Pathogenesis (2012)

Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms by Camille Locht, Michel Simonet

aeruginosa pilus is a tip-associated event that ...

Google previewBacterial Plasmids (1986)

by K. Hardy

The F pilus is an essential receptor site for these phages, so phage-resistant mutants usually form no pili at all (or only defective pili) which are ineffective as phage receptors and are also unable to transfer DNA by conjugation. The number of ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Microbiology (2009)

A type IV pilus is a fibrous repeating polymer made of many thousands of copies of the processed pilin. The fiber is a layered structure of -helices surrounded by - strands. The N-terminal amino acids of adjacent monomers (after processing of ...

Google previewManson's Tropical Diseases (2013)

by Jeremy Farrar, Peter Hotez, Thomas Junghanss, Gagandeep Kang, David Lalloo, Nicholas J. White

The pneumococcal pilus is an arrangement of several protein sub-units and mediates bacterial adherence, although it is not present in all pneumococci. Cell wall polysaccharide consists of teichoic acid, peptidoglycan and phosphorylcholine.

Google previewDeja Review Microbiology & Immunology, Second Edition (2010)

by Eric Chen, Sanjay Kasturi

Name some bacterial toxins acquired through specialized transduction: The sex pilus is the structure that allows for exchange of genetic material by conjugation.

Google previewPhage Display (2004)

by Carlos F. Barbas, Dennis R. Burton, Jamie K. Scott, Gregg J. Silverman

PHAGE LIFE CYCLE The Infection Process Infection is a multistep process requiring interactions with the F conjugative pilus and the bacterial TolQ, R, and A cytoplasmic membrane proteins. The F pilus is a protein tube ...

Google previewThe Garden (1896)

An Illustrated Weekly Journal of Gardening in All Its Branches

The snowy Mes- pilus is a hardy, low-sized tree, blooming regularly, ...

Google previewDictionary of DNA and Genome Technology (2012)

by Paul Singleton

pilus(bacteriol.) (plural: pili) An appendage that projects from the surface of those Gram-negative bacteria which contain a conjugative PLASMID — and in which the transfer operon of the plasmid is being expressed; the genes which encode ...

Google previewDesk Encyclopedia of Microbiology (2010)

by Moselio Schaechter

nm along the pilus axis and rotated 28.8 with respect to the lower disk. The TraA pilin has two hydrophobic domains located toward the center and at the C-terminus of the pilin. The hydrophobic domains are thought to ...

Google previewMosby's Pocket Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing & Health Professions - E-Book (2013)

by Mosby

;r/ [L, pilus, hair, motor, mover, reflectere, to bend back], erection of the hairs of the skin caused by contraction of small ...

Google previewEtymological Dictionary of Grasses (2007)

by Harold T. Clifford, Peter D. Bostock

pilus, a hair; axilis, arm-pit. Lower axils of inflorescence densely hairy pilcomayens-e, -is L. -ense, denoting origin. From Pilcomayo River, Gran Chaco, Paraguay ...

Google previewMosby's Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing and Health Professions - Australian & New Zealand Edition (2014)

by Peter Harris, Sue Nagy, Nicholas Vardaxis

See pilus. pili annulati >/, pilus, hair + annulus ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Genetics (2014)

by Eric C.R. Reeve

A bacterium carrying a plasmid synthesizes a protein hair called a pilus. Pilus structure and synthesis is encoded by the mating pair formation genes of the plasmid (see Figure 3). The pilus tip binds to another bacterium and depolymerizes ...

Google previewDictionary of Medical Vocabulary in English, 1375–1550 (2016)

Body Parts, Sicknesses, Instruments, and Medicinal Preparations by Juhani Norri

pilus/pin 832 dicte. Sine quibus esse nolo: propter summam efficaciam quam habent.” See also pill sine quibus esse nolo, pilule sine quibus (pl.).] Pills or boluses containing aloes, mastic, scammony, 5 different myrobalans, agaric, herbs, ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Scientific Terms (1920)

Pronunciation, Derivation, and Definition of Terms in Biology, Botany, Zoology, Anatomy, Cytology, Embryology, Physiology by Isabella Ferguson Henderson, William Dawson Henderson

pilus, hair ; ferre, to carry.] Part of the labrum of Lepidoptera (zool.). piliferous ( pïllf'ërus) a. [L. pilus, hair ; ferre, to carry.] Bearing or producing hair (biol.) ; appl. the outermost layer of a root or epi- blema which gives rise to root- hairs (bot.) ...

Google previewMosby's Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing & Health Professions (2016)

by Mosby

pilar cyst /pī′lər/ [L, pilus, hair; Gk, kystis, bag], an epidermoid cyst of the scalp. Its keratinized contents are firmer and less cheesy than the material in epidermoid cysts found elsewhere. The cyst originates from ...

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Pilus

Tulus.. Trubus... Kubus.. Pilus

Photo credit: Didit Putra

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Small photo of Mixed peanut contain of green bean, corn, peanut, and pilus.Small photo of Torun, Kuyavia-Pomerania, Poland - 23 July 2012: statue of comic strip dog Pilus More...

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Pilus Meaning

Video shows what pilus means. A hair.. A hairlike appendage found on the cell surface of many bacteria.. pilus synonyms: fimbria. Pilus Meaning. How to ...

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Scrabble value of P3I1L1U1S1

The value of this 5-letter word is 7 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Anagrams of PILUS

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