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Free jazz


  1. Free jazz is an approach to jazz music that was first developed in the 1950s and 1960s. Though the music produced by free jazz composers varied widely, the common feature was a dissatisfaction with the limitations of bebop, hard bop, and modal jazz, which had developed in the 1940s and 1950s. Each in their own way, free jazz musicians attempted to alter, extend, or break down the conventions of jazz, often by discarding hitherto invariable features of jazz, such as fixed chord changes or tempos. While usually considered experimental and avant-garde, free jazz has also oppositely been conceived as an attempt to return jazz to its "primitive", often religious roots, and emphasis on collective improvisation. It is hard to define free jazz, because many musicians draw on free jazz concepts and idioms, and free jazz was never entirely distinct from other genres. Many free jazz musicians, notably Pharoah Sanders and John Coltrane, use harsh overblowing or other techniques to elicit unconventional sounds from their instruments, or played unusual instruments.
  2. "Free Jazz" a.k.a. "Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation" is the sixth album by jazz saxophonist and composer Ornette Coleman, released on Atlantic Records in 1961, his fourth for the label. Its title established the name of the then-nascent free jazz movement. The recording session took place on December 21, 1960, at A&R Studios in New York City. The sole outtake from the album session, "First Take," was later released on the 1971 compilation Twins.
  3. "Free Jazz" is a composition.
  4. "Free Jazz" is a musical album of A. R. Penck, Gianluigi Trovesi, Peter Kowald.


"Free jazz" is a book by Ekkehard Jost.


"Free Jazz" is a 2011 short film directed by Brontez Purnell, Gary Gregerson and Jerry Lee.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Free jazz

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Google previewBlack Music and Musicians in The New Grove Dictionary of American Music and The New Harvard Dictionary of Music (1989)

by Dominique-René De Lerma, Marsha J. Reisser

Foxtrot Free jazz Funk Fusion Garrison, Jimmy [James Emory] Gilmore, John Gospel music (3) Griffin, Johnny [John Arnold, III] Growl Hamilton, ...

Google previewThe Norton Dictionary of Modern Thought (1999)

by Alan Bullock

free jazz. Despite the exceptional case of trad, the direction of jazz has customarily been forward and further out, with soloists striving to free themselves from old ...

Google previewThe Palgrave Encyclopedia of Imperialism and Anti-Imperialism (2016)

by Immanuel Ness, Zak Cope

Free Jazz / Black Power, in French (Frankfurt am Main: Fischer). Davenport, L. (2009) Jazz Diplomacy: Promoting America in the Cold War (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi). Dery, M. (1994) 'Black to ...

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